International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education

The Influence of Proof Understanding Strategies and Negative Self-concept on Undergraduate Afghan Students’ Achievement in Modern Algebra
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Mowahed AK, Song N, Xinrong Y, Changgen P. The Influence of Proof Understanding Strategies and Negative Self-concept on Undergraduate Afghan Students’ Achievement in Modern Algebra. INT ELECT J MATH ED. 2020;15(1), em0550. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5886
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Mowahed et al., 2020)
Reference: Mowahed, A. K., Song, N., Xinrong, Y., & Changgen, P. (2020). The Influence of Proof Understanding Strategies and Negative Self-concept on Undergraduate Afghan Students’ Achievement in Modern Algebra. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 15(1), em0550. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5886
Chicago
In-text citation: (Mowahed et al., 2020)
Reference: Mowahed, Ahmad Khalid, Naiqing Song, Yang Xinrong, and Pei Changgen. "The Influence of Proof Understanding Strategies and Negative Self-concept on Undergraduate Afghan Students’ Achievement in Modern Algebra". International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education 2020 15 no. 1 (2020): em0550. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5886
Harvard
In-text citation: (Mowahed et al., 2020)
Reference: Mowahed, A. K., Song, N., Xinrong, Y., and Changgen, P. (2020). The Influence of Proof Understanding Strategies and Negative Self-concept on Undergraduate Afghan Students’ Achievement in Modern Algebra. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 15(1), em0550. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5886
MLA
In-text citation: (Mowahed et al., 2020)
Reference: Mowahed, Ahmad Khalid et al. "The Influence of Proof Understanding Strategies and Negative Self-concept on Undergraduate Afghan Students’ Achievement in Modern Algebra". International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, vol. 15, no. 1, 2020, em0550. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5886
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Mowahed AK, Song N, Xinrong Y, Changgen P. The Influence of Proof Understanding Strategies and Negative Self-concept on Undergraduate Afghan Students’ Achievement in Modern Algebra. INT ELECT J MATH ED. 2020;15(1):em0550. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5886

Abstract

This study explored the influence of proof understanding strategies and negative self-concept on undergraduate Afghan students’ achievement in modern algebra1. To examine the relationships among proof understanding strategies, negative self-concept and achievement in modern algebra1, we used structural equation modeling on data collected from three classes of students taking modern algebra in two consecutive years of 2016 and 2017. Participants of this study included 139 sophomore Afghan students, 40.29% male and 59.71% female. Conducting SEM analysis resulted the following findings: firstly, negative self-concept had significant negative influence over students’ achievement in modern algebra1; secondly, proof understanding strategies had significant positive influence over students’ achievement in modern algebra1; thirdly, negative self-concept had significant negative influence over proof understanding strategies; finally, the data fitted very well the SEM model, implying that proof understanding strategies and negative self-concept significantly influence students’ achievement in modern algebra1.

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