International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education

The Effect of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Program on Students’ Achievement in Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis
AMA 10th edition
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Siregar NC, Rosli R, Maat SM, Capraro MM. The Effect of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Program on Students’ Achievement in Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis. INT ELECT J MATH ED. 2020;15(1), em0549. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5885
APA 6th edition
In-text citation: (Siregar et al., 2020)
Reference: Siregar, N. C., Rosli, R., Maat, S. M., & Capraro, M. M. (2020). The Effect of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Program on Students’ Achievement in Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 15(1), em0549. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5885
Chicago
In-text citation: (Siregar et al., 2020)
Reference: Siregar, Nur Choiro, Roslinda Rosli, Siti Mistima Maat, and Mary Margaret Capraro. "The Effect of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Program on Students’ Achievement in Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis". International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education 2020 15 no. 1 (2020): em0549. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5885
Harvard
In-text citation: (Siregar et al., 2020)
Reference: Siregar, N. C., Rosli, R., Maat, S. M., and Capraro, M. M. (2020). The Effect of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Program on Students’ Achievement in Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 15(1), em0549. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5885
MLA
In-text citation: (Siregar et al., 2020)
Reference: Siregar, Nur Choiro et al. "The Effect of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Program on Students’ Achievement in Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis". International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, vol. 15, no. 1, 2020, em0549. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5885
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Siregar NC, Rosli R, Maat SM, Capraro MM. The Effect of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) Program on Students’ Achievement in Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis. INT ELECT J MATH ED. 2020;15(1):em0549. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5885

Abstract

The positive impact of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) programs on student achievement, attitude, interest, communication skills and problem-solving has alerted the education community to reform instructional approaches in STEM subjects. This meta-analysis study aims to analyze previous studies’ results of STEM program impacting students’ mathematics achievement. The criteria for inclusion of literature in the meta-analysis were: published between 1998 and 2017, employed experimental research design, and reported data necessary for computing effect sizes. Based on the Hedges-g effect size values, three of the studies were categorized into the large effect category (n=3), two studies were classified under the medium effect group (n=2), and twelve studies were considered to be small effect sizes (n=12). The overall weighted average effect size was 0.242 with a corresponding p-value of 0.023 demonstrating that STEM had an impact on student mathematics achievement. However, no evidence was found concerning the impact of STEM program on students’ mathematics achievement based on the three moderator variables: education level, publication source, and length of intervention. Limitations and implications of the study were discussed.

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