International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education

International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education
The Japanese Way of Strength-Based Correction
APA
In-text citation: (Cook, 2019)
Reference: Cook, T. (2019). The Japanese Way of Strength-Based Correction. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 14(2), 419-426. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5745
AMA
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Cook T. The Japanese Way of Strength-Based Correction. INT ELECT J MATH ED. 2019;14(2), 419-426. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5745
Chicago
In-text citation: (Cook, 2019)
Reference: Cook, Thomas. "The Japanese Way of Strength-Based Correction". International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education 2019 14 no. 2 (2019): 419-426. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5745
Harvard
In-text citation: (Cook, 2019)
Reference: Cook, T. (2019). The Japanese Way of Strength-Based Correction. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 14(2), pp. 419-426. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5745
MLA
In-text citation: (Cook, 2019)
Reference: Cook, Thomas "The Japanese Way of Strength-Based Correction". International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, vol. 14, no. 2, 2019, pp. 419-426. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5745
Vancouver
In-text citation: (1), (2), (3), etc.
Reference: Cook T. The Japanese Way of Strength-Based Correction. INT ELECT J MATH ED. 2019;14(2):419-26. https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/5745

Abstract

The study outlines Japan’s positive use of red ink to grade children’s homework in order to limit the amount of shame children experience over failures. The psychology of seeing and the psychodynamics of self-conscious emotions are used to explain the mechanism of Japan’s positive versus America’s negative shame-inducing grading practices. It provides an explanation for unconscious cultural grading practices that tend to differentially produce either pride or shame.

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License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.