The conceptual field of measures of central tendency: A first approximation
Irene Mauricio Cazorla 1 * , Miriam Cardoso Utsumi 2 , Sandra Maria Magina 1
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1 Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, BRAZIL2 Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, BRAZIL* Corresponding Author


This article aims to present a first approximation of the conceptual field of measures of central tendency (MCT), grounded in the theory of conceptual fields. We propose six situations according to type of variable, data presentation (raw or grouped) and amount of data. We revisit specific situations for the mean and exemplify several possibilities for introducing these measures. This is a theoretical reflection and a systematization of the knowledge produced in the area with a view to aiding it teaching in Brazilian basic education (PreK-12). We argue that from the early school years, students should collect data, use concrete and manipulable material, analyze the types of variable and context of data, transform them into different representations and based on the visual observation of data distribution, intuit the location of MCT to then calculate them.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

INT ELECT J MATH ED, 2023, Volume 18, Issue 4, Article No: em0748

Publication date: 01 Oct 2023

Online publication date: 11 Aug 2023

Article Views: 873

Article Downloads: 608

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