Students’ interest in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) based on parental education and gender factors
Nur Choiro Siregar 1 * , Roslinda Rosli 2 , Sandra Nite 3
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1 Department of Informatics Engineering, Tangerang Muhammadiyah University, Banten, INDONESIA2 Research Center of STEM Enculturation, Faculty of Education, The National University of Malaysia, Selangor, MALAYSIA3 Department of Mathematics, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA* Corresponding Author


The integration of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education in various fields of knowledge is needed to enhance the country’s economic development. STEM education is essential in developing technology towards the Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR4.0) era. However, in many countries, especially in Indonesia, students are less interested in STEM subjects. This study aims to identify the differences and interactions of student interest in STEM based on parental education and gender. This study uses a quantitative method involving 150 secondary school students at Simanosor Julu, Medan, Indonesia. The results of data analysis based on the mean score indicated that there are differences in students’ interest in STEM-based on gender and parental education. The mean score of male students, based on parental education at the university level, is higher than female students. It is recommended that there are additional study more deeply the STEM interests of students based on (a) social-economic status, (b) rural and urban schools, (c) the relationship between the two variables, and (d) involves students with more numbers.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

INT ELECT J MATH ED, 2023, Volume 18, Issue 2, Article No: em0736

Publication date: 01 Apr 2023

Online publication date: 11 Mar 2023

Article Views: 2441

Article Downloads: 1856

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