Examining the differentiation in pre-service mathematics teachers’ learning and studying approaches according to self-reinforcing, and persistence
Emine Nur Unveren Bilgic 1 * , Sahin Danisman 1
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1 Department of Mathematics Education, Faculty of Education, Duzce University, Duzce, TÜRKİYE* Corresponding Author


The aim of this study is to reveal the profiles of pre-service mathematics teachers in terms of learning and studying approaches by cluster-analyzing them on the basis of self-reinforcing and persistence. Learning and studying approaches inventory scale, self-reinforcing and persistence subscales were used to collect the data in the study, which was carried out with a descriptive research design. The participants of the study comprised of 487 pre-service mathematics teachers. According to the results, it was determined that the surface learning approach of the pre-service teachers did not differ according to gender while the strategic learning approach and the deep learning approach differed in favor of males. There was no significant difference in the learning approaches of the participants according to the grade level. According to the cluster analysis, it was revealed that pre-service teachers can be clustered as low motivation, high motivation, high self-reinforcing and high persistence.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

INT ELECT J MATH ED, 2023, Volume 18, Issue 4, Article No: em0752


Publication date: 01 Oct 2023

Online publication date: 24 Sep 2023

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