The paper discusses the modern trends and challenges in the development of continuing vocational education and training in the Russian Federation. Particular attention is paid to the prospects for its development in the higher educational institutions of Russia. The key methods of the study are descriptions, observations and generalisations which are used to analyze the problem. They allow to verify the results of the study. The changes in the number of organizations providing services in continuing vocational training, the number of students and population figures for Russia were studied. The levels of education obtained in the country, the importance of continuing vocational education and training and key factors influencing its development were examined. The authors proved the need of taking into account the specifics of professional development, retraining and business education programs when using the techniques and approaches to learning process and knowledge evaluation.
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