Statistical knowledge of primary schoolchildren: An overview of study approaches
Daniel Londoño 1 , Ángel Alsina 1 *
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1 University of Girona, Girona, SPAIN* Corresponding Author


A review of studies analyzing the statistical knowledge of primary schoolchildren (6-12 years old) is carried out. Based on a review in JCR/SSCI, Scopus, Eric, Google Scholar, Science Direct, World Scientific, Springer, and Wiley Online library, 18 articles (2003-2021) have been identified and analyzed based on two objectives: (i) to identify the different study approaches and (ii) to analyze the elements of statistical knowledge. The results show that almost half of the investigations were carried out based on one of the following approaches: the Toulmin approach (TM), the statistical mathematical working space (SMWS), the structure of observed learning outcomes (SOLO) taxonomy and Curcio’s graph reading levels (CGRL). It is concluded that CGRL is the most common approach and statistical graphs are the most analyzed statistical objects.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Review Article

INT ELECT J MATH ED, 2023, Volume 18, Issue 2, Article No: em0733

Publication date: 01 Apr 2023

Online publication date: 23 Feb 2023

Article Views: 1101

Article Downloads: 524

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