This study investigates the essence of various interpretations of the "musicality" concept. Depending on the perspective, this concept is regarded as a set of special abilities, as a basic human need, and as an attributive quality of the human psyche – the linguistic nature of consciousness. This concept is also characterized as a factor that creates the phenomenon of musicality in onto- and phylogenesis, which recognizes the typical functions of the human consciousness – to intone important life experience. Universal stages of the establishment and representation of the values of musical consciousness are described. The natural universal origins of musical-linguistic consciousness, its cultural diversity and contribution to identity, and the conceptualized chart of music perception psychosemantics were determined. The study also investigates the relevant problems of music education in the North Caucasus and offers a method called "Chart of Music Perception Psychosemantics" for developing music perception in the aspect of musical-linguistic consciousness, which includes the personal, ethnic, and human levels. The experimental pedagogical method for developing the perception of music of a different culture was tested. The study discovered an expansion of the musical-esthetic space of music perception in students. In addition, it was proven that an individual’s own national culture was perceived in a new light when compared with other ethnic-musical traditions.
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