This research is devoted to the regional aspect of the ecological hazard and socio-demographic problems of population in the Kurgan region. It deals with the ecological safety as an aggregate of processes and actions, which provide the ecological balance in the environment and do not lead to vitally important damages (or threats of such damages) related to man and the environment. The results of soil cover sample analysis and plant resources are presented. It is established that due to the cycle of matter in biosphere natural resources become the additional sources of environmental pollution, which affect not only natural complexes, but also human health. The authors observe this problem could be solved through the development of the public culture of ecological safety. The practical value is that the measures relating to the creation of ecologically safe life conditions are described in the paper.
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