**APA**

**In-text citation:** (Sincuba & John, 2017)

**Reference:** Sincuba, M. C., & John, M. (2017). An Exploration of Learners’ Attitudes towards Mobile Learning Technology-Based Instruction Module and its Use in Mathematics Education. *International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 12*(3), 845-858.

**AMA**

**In-text citation:** (1), (2), (3), etc.

**Reference:** Sincuba MC, John M. An Exploration of Learners’ Attitudes towards Mobile Learning Technology-Based Instruction Module and its Use in Mathematics Education. *INT ELECT J MATH ED*. 2017;12(3), 845-858.

**Chicago**

**In-text citation:** (Sincuba and John, 2017)

**Reference:** Sincuba, Muthandwa Chinamhora, and Merlin John. "An Exploration of Learners’ Attitudes towards Mobile Learning Technology-Based Instruction Module and its Use in Mathematics Education". *International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education* 2017 12 no. 3 (2017): 845-858.

**Harvard**

**In-text citation:** (Sincuba and John, 2017)

**Reference:** Sincuba, M. C., and John, M. (2017). An Exploration of Learners’ Attitudes towards Mobile Learning Technology-Based Instruction Module and its Use in Mathematics Education. *International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education*, 12(3), pp. 845-858.

**MLA**

**In-text citation:** (Sincuba and John, 2017)

**Reference:** Sincuba, Muthandwa Chinamhora et al. "An Exploration of Learners’ Attitudes towards Mobile Learning Technology-Based Instruction Module and its Use in Mathematics Education". *International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education*, vol. 12, no. 3, 2017, pp. 845-858.

**Vancouver**

**In-text citation:** (1), (2), (3), etc.

**Reference:** Sincuba MC, John M. An Exploration of Learners’ Attitudes towards Mobile Learning Technology-Based Instruction Module and its Use in Mathematics Education. INT ELECT J MATH ED. 2017;12(3):845-58.

# Abstract

The study explored learners’ experiences with the mobile learning technology-based instruction module (MLTBIM) in learning Functions and related concepts. A sample of thirty-nine participants was purposefully drawn from the Grade 10 Mathematics classes in a selected historically disadvantaged rural senior secondary school. Adopting a case study research design, an attitude test was used in the collection of data. Microsoft Excel was used in presenting and analysing the data. The first finding of the study was that most respondents viewed the Mobile Learning Technology-Based application as very useful in the teaching and learning of Functions and related concepts. Secondly, most respondents upheld the view that Mobile Learning Technology-Based Instruction (MLTBI) was an effective method to learn Mathematics. Lastly, most of the respondents advocated that the application used in MLTBI enhanced their conceptual understanding of linear, quadratic and exponential functions. To conclude, the participants were convinced that cell phone devices and the Math4Mobile software were very useful and effective in the teaching and learning of Functions and related concepts regardless of the fact that there were some shortcomings involved.