Understanding statistical graphs of students attending multigrade rural schools in Chile
Matías Bustamante-Valdés 1 , Danilo Díaz-Levicoy 1 2 *
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1 Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, CHILE2 Centro de Investigación en Educación Matemática y Estadística, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, CHILE* Corresponding Author


This study aims to analyze the graphical comprehension of 5th and 6th grade students in multigrade rural primary education in Chile. The theoretical framework considers levels of reading and semiotic levels in statistical graphs. A qualitative methodology of descriptive level is followed, using content analysis method for the responses given to a questionnaire by 22 students from five multigrade rural schools. The results show that, overall, students do not encounter difficulties in answering questions at level 1 reading (literal reading), but difficulties gradually increase as the reading level increases. Regarding semiotic levels, difficulties arise in constructing graphs using data distribution (semiotic level 3) and completing a graph with two data distributions (semiotic level 4).


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

INT ELECT J MATH ED, Volume 19, Issue 3, August 2024, Article No: em0785


Publication date: 01 Jul 2024

Online publication date: 18 Jun 2024

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