The impact of early childhood education and mathematical abilities on student achievement: Analysis of TIMSS 2019
Naida Bikić 1 * , Nevzudin Buzađija 2 , Anela Hrnjičić 1
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1 Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Faculty of Philosophy, University of Zenica, Zenica, BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA2 Department of Software engineering, Polytehnic Faculty, University of Zenica, Zenica, BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA* Corresponding Author


This paper is based on the analysis of the relationship between early education, mathematical skills, and student achievement in Bosnia & Herzegovina, using data from the trends in international mathematics and science study (TIMSS) 2019. The study involves 5,628 fourth-grade students whose average age was 10.1 years. The research specifically focuses on factors such as the age of students at the beginning of schooling, attendance at preschool institutions, and their mathematical skills before starting school. Through the application of SPSS analysis, insights into the statistical relationships and trends between these factors are provided, emphasizing the importance of early educational experiences to improve the quality of education in Bosnia & Herzegovina. The analysis results show that the length of stay in preschool institutions, attendance in preschool programs, and the early acquisition of mathematical skills (counting skills, recognition of numeral representations, numeral writing, simple addition, and subtraction) impact later mathematical achievements of students.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

INT ELECT J MATH ED, 2024, Volume 19, Issue 3, Article No: em0779

Publication date: 01 Jul 2024

Online publication date: 08 May 2024

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