Mathematics education: What was it, what is it, and what will it be?
Mara Cotič 1 , Daniel Doz 1 * , Matija Jenko 1 , Amalija Žakelj 1
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1 Faculty of Education, University of Primorska, Koper, SLOVENIA* Corresponding Author


The evolution of mathematics coincided with advancements in its teaching. The 19th and 20th centuries marked a pedagogical revolution in mathematics education. This paper argues that Bruner’s (1966) model, Gagné’s (1985) taxonomy, innovative teaching methods emphasizing research and problem-solving, and the inclusion of data analysis topics have shaped modern mathematics education. Additionally, the paper explores transformative trends, emphasizing mathematics literacy and the integration of virtual reality (VR) and artificial intelligence (AI) in education. This evolution emphasizes practical, contextually relevant approaches. VR enhances engagement and comprehension of abstract concepts, while AI offers personalized learning experiences, fostering deeper understanding and skill development.


This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Review Article

INT ELECT J MATH ED, Volume 19, Issue 3, August 2024, Article No: em0783

Publication date: 01 Jul 2024

Online publication date: 30 May 2024

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