### Abstract

This study is descriptive-qualitative in nature, aims to examine, (1) How do the students construct the mathematical knowledge (i.e. statistics for elementary school) through classroom discussion?, (2) What role are the students and the teacher playing in the discussion?, (3) What impact do their contributions have in the construction of new mathematical knowledge? As subjects of this study are 21 fifth-grade students of SD Labschool Unesa. Data were collected by using observation sheets, and by videotaping the class lessons with three cameras. The results suggest that both the teacher and the students participated actively in small group discussion, and played the majority of roles offered in an effective discussion. At the end of the lesson, there was a whole class discussion that functioned as meaning negotiation – to facilitate the students to share solutions and strategies with the whole class, and promote student reflection on the different strategies. This suggests that even ‘difficult materials’ can be successfully constructed by fifth-grade students using classroom discussion. Therefore, it is suggested that classroom discussion can be chosen as one of learning methods in a mathematics classroom in which the teacher provides appropriate mathematics contents and uses productive strategies to facilitate the learning processes.

### License

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Article Type: Research Article

INT ELECT J MATH ED, Volume 12, Issue 3, October 2017, 383-396

https://doi.org/10.29333/iejme/619

Publication date: 18 Jun 2017

Article Views: 3684

Article Downloads: 2780

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