Education is the main cultural and socioeconomic institution of the knowledge society construction. The connection of education with research is defined as a strategic factor of a new society development. The purpose of the article is to analyze and give a description of generative learning in research education in the context of the development towards the knowledge society. The methodology involves the socio-cultural analysis of education reality, epistemic and didactic analysis of pedagogic relationships, the structural-functional analysis of the 25-years’ experience of the Russian scientific and educational programme for young people and schoolchildren "The Step into the Future". The article substantiates the ontologically key role of research education in the genesis of the knowledge society. The role of generative didactics in nurturing a personality, capable of creating a new knowledge, its technologization and integrating into the socio-economic turnover is shown. The conception of "dynamic competence" is studied. The levels of organization of research education are considered – the institutional, environmental and educational ones. The research education stages are described - the involvement, the construction of a problem-cognitive program, incorporating the achievements of the student in the society activities; examples are provided.
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